SSC conducts an annual open examination for the recruitment of Constable (General Duty) in Border Security Force (BSF), Secretariat Security Force (SSF), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Investigation Agency (NIA), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and Rifleman (General Duty) in Assam Rifles.

The SSC Constable GD recruitment comprises of four stages –

  • Computer-Based Examination (CBE)
  • Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  • Physical Standard Test (PST)
  • Detailed Medical Examination (DME)
  1. There is no negative marking for any incorrect answer in the online test of General Duty exam.
  2. Applications for the exam are usually accepted through online mode only from the candidates across India.

SSC GD Exam Pattern

The candidates must have prior knowledge of both the SSC GD exam pattern and the GD syllabus to crack the exam with flying colours. Candidates must go through them both with a fine-tooth comb to have a better understanding of the Staff Selection Commission General Duty Exam.

The exam pattern of SSC GD comprises of four stages:

  1. Compute-Based Examination (CBE)
  2. Physical Efficiency Test (PET)
  3. Physical Standard Test (PST)
  4. Detailed Medical Examination (DME)

Here’s a detailed look into each of the stages of the SSC GD exam pattern:

Computer-Based Examination (CBE): This is an online test comprising of objective-type questions which are explained at length below under the syllabus section of the article. As per the SSC GD Exam Pattern, It is further divided into four parts:

  • General Intelligence and Reasoning
  • General Knowledge and General Awareness
  • Elementary Mathematics
  • English/ Hindi

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): Once candidates clear the CBE, they would be shortlisted to take the PET/ PST organised by the Commission. During PET/ PST, candidates who are found eligible on the basis of height parameters are permitted to undergo PET (race) which is followed by biometric/ technology-aided identification test. The scrutiny of candidates’ eligibility for any relaxation in terms of age, height and chest measurement is done only after they qualify the PET (race) before PST conducted by CAPFs PET/ PST Boards.

Physical Efficiency Test (PET): The criteria to be followed for this test –

  • For Male candidates: Race 5 Kms in 24 minutes
  • For Female candidates: 1.6 Kms in 8 ½ minutes

For Race test, the candidates of Ladakh Region need to follow the below criteria –

  • Male: Race 1 Mile in 6 ½ minutes
  • Female: 800 metres in 4 minutes
  • Pregnant women are disqualified from taking this test.
  • Ex-Servicemen candidates shortlisted in the CBE need to appear in PET/PST stage for recording measurement of chest, height and weight only. They are exempted from taking the PET. However, they need to qualify for the Detailed Medical Examination (DME).

Physical Standard Test (PST): In this test, the physical standards of the candidates are being tested on the basis of three factors:

SSC GD Physical Test
Physical StandardCategoryMale (in cms)Female
HeightGeneral, SC & OBC170157
ChestGeneral, SC & OBC80/5
WeightProportionate to height and age as per medical standardsProportionate to height and age as per medical standards

Detailed Medical Examination (DME): Candidates who qualify the PET/ PST are shortlisted for the DME. The selected candidates are medically examined by the Medical Boards constituted by the CAPFs to assess their physical and medical fitness on the basis of the following points:

  • Eyesight
  • Medical Fitness

The criteria set by the SSC authority in for vision test is given in the table below:

SSC GD Syllabus 2020

The SSC GD syllabus comprises of a Computer Based Examination which includes an objective-type paper carrying 100 marks for 100 questions.

The SSC GD syllabus is given below:

SegregationSection NameTotal No. of QuestionsMax. MarksDuration
Part AGeneral Intelligence and Reasoning25251.5 hours (Cumulative)
Part BGeneral Knowledge and General Awareness2525
Part CElementary Mathematics2525
Part DEnglish/ Hindi2525

All the Objective-type questions mainly comprise of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). The Computer Based Examination (CBE) is conducted in two languages – English and Hindi only.

The SSC GD syllabus for the computer-based examination includes the following:

General Intelligence & Reasoning: This General Intelligence syllabus section mainly consists of both verbal and non-verbal types of reasoning questions. This test particularly includes questions that test the candidate’s analytical and logical reasoning skills and his/ her ability to observe and distinguish patterns through questions principally of non-verbal type.

The list of topics under the General Intelligence & Reasoning syllabus are listed below:

  1. Reasoning Analogies
  2. Arithmetic Number Series
  3. Arithmetical Reasoning
  4. Coding-Decoding
  5. Discrimination
  6. Figural Classification
  7. Non-verbal Series
  8. Observation
  9. Relationship Concepts – Blood Relations
  10. Similarities and Differences
  11. Spatial Orientation
  12. Spatial Visualization
  13. Visual Memory

General Knowledge and General Awareness: The questions in this section aim at evaluating the candidate’s general awareness about day-to-day affairs and current affairs. These questions do not require the candidate to have special knowledge of any particular discipline. The questions in this component revolve around matters of everyday observations and test the candidate’s knowledge of the environment around him/ her and topics related to India and its neighbouring countries such as:

  1. Culture
  2. Economic Scene
  3. General Polity
  4. Geography
  5. History
  6. Indian Constitution
  7. Scientific Research
  8. Sports

The Question weightage that each topic in the SSC GD Constable syllabus carries is as mentioned below:

General Knowledge and General AwarenessCurrent AffairsStatic G.K8-10 Questions13-15 Questions
English/ HindiError SpottingFill in the Blanks: Articles, Prepositions, etc. Phrase replacements close test Synonyms & Antonyms Phrase and idioms meaning Word SubstitutionSpellingsReading comprehension3-5 Questions5 Questions3 Questions5 Questions6 Questions3-4 Questions3-4 Questions3-4 Questions5 Questions
General Intelligence and ReasoningAnalogyCoding-DecodingClassificationsSeriesOrder RankingDirection & DistancesCloak & calendarAlphabet or word testVenn diagramPuzzlesBlood relationsNon- verbal reasoningSyllogismVerbal reasoning 2-3 Questions2-3 Questions1-2 Questions1-2 Questions2-3 Questions1-2 Questions0-1 Questions2-3 Questions2-3 Questions2-3 Questions1-2 Questions2-3 Questions1-2 Questions1-2 Questions
Quantitative AptitudeMixture ProblemsRatio ProportionsNumber SystemsSimplificationAlgebraProfit and LossPercentage AverageTime and workSpeed, Time and DistanceMensurationSimple InterestData Interpretations1-2 Questions2-3 Questions1-2 Questions3-4 Questions4-5 Questions4-5 Questions1-2 Questions1-2 Questions1-2 Questions1-2 Questions1-2 Questions2-3 Questions4-5 Questions